Milling and Grain

Milling is one of the oldest forms of food processing. The preparation of grains for consumption can be traced back to the earliest human settlements. Hunter-gatherers would have found grains and seeds in a raw state, possibly crushing them between stones to render them more palatable or boiling them into a form of coarse porridge.

Many early settlements laid their foundations where there was good fertile soil, and water to irrigate crops. It would not have been until man settled to farm in one place that the process of milling with purpose built stones or "Querns" would have begun, due to the difficulty of transporting the Quern stones from place to place as a travelling hunter-gatherer.